Electronic Library of Scientific Literature - © Academic Electronic Press


Volume 2001 / No 1





On the occassion of 90th anniversary of Lev Nikolajevič Tolstoj

ŠTĚPÁN KOLAFA, Praha, Česká republika

The process of restauration of former European socialist societies based on the mechanisms of market means in many aspects of view coming the whole period back up to the beginning of previous and what more into the 19th century. It was the time of great Russian novelist and a philosopher Lev Nikolajevič Tolstoj. His work comes out in surprising freshness. His last writing About Socialism written on the invitation of a Czech journalist Karel Půlpán, a redactor of 14-days magazine Mladé Proudy, an organ of the Czech national-socialist party written in the last quarter of his life was an individual premonition of problems of revolutionary movement coming through the whole 20th century resulting in the hard time of our restauration process. Tolstoj preferes recreating society by the way of non-violence but ethic, the way of inner selfimprevement of people and recovering of bad things in society by all means except of violence and political and force solution.
The article is also a testimony of the role of Dušan Makovicky – a personal doctor of Tolstoj, a Slovak patriot, a supporter of Czech-slovak – Russian and Slavonic co-operation in the concept of ideal anarchism of Tolstoj. Makovicky was not only a doctor of Tolstoj, he was a secretary and helper in literary activity influencing it. It resulted in the writing of the last article. We can only be sorry that a monograph of the author of the article Slovenský lekár Tolstého has not been publisheed as it for the first time shows the role and work of Makovický in the whole wideness of documents.
The article was published in the collection of works of Tolstoj in 1936 with a commentary but it was not accessible for Slovak and Czech readers and what more the commentary was only a partial and uncompleted because the editors of it had not formal documents which are in materials of the author of the article.

Janko Jesenský – a leading representant of Slovak Literary Modernism

DANA KRŠÁKOVÁ, Ústav slovenskej literatúry SAV, Bratislava

Janko Jesenský is a leading represent of Slovak literary realism as well as a key author of Slovak Literary Modernism. These two faces of his poetry showed need of different accesses to a literary expressing respectively self – expressing. Within the periodization of Slovak Literary Modernism his first collection of poems Verše (1905) means the beginning and gradual expanding of modernistic poetics in Slovak literature. Jesenský introduced himself as a modernistic neo-romantic poet, literary inspired by works of Byron, Puškin, Lermontov, Heine decanonizing a traditional high understanding of subjective lyrics in Slovak literature. Love was a dominant theme. Jesenský’s view on it is without romantic sentiment and idealisation. The poet has a mask of ironist, cynic, mystificator. In spite of this fact his love poetry is a message about vulnerable lyrical subject, about his inner sensitivity. His neo-romantic novelletes are also based on the conflict between sincerity and masking (authenticity and non-confessing, covering). The problem of misunderstanding is a foundation of the prose Bozk (1902) – analysis of experiencing of an emotional relationship. The published article was a lecture in the seminar in Mestské múzeum in Bratislava on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of opening the Múzeum Janka Jesenského.

Anatomy and functional characteristic of magical carnevalisation in Tisícročná včela (A thousend years bee) – a novel of Peter Jaroš


The article considers the function of the elements and procedures of magical carnivalisation in the novel Tisícročná včela (A thousand years bee) (1979) by writter Peter Jaroš. The author draws on the theoretical discussion of the concept of magical realism and carnivalisation in some of the seminal works in the field. She emphasises the fact that Jaroš was not able to unite the magical elements (mostly of folklore origin) and dominant “monological” way of (socialistic-realistic) re-writing of historical events (from the Slovak national movement in the late 19th century through World War I to the establishment of the first Czechoslovak Republic in 1918). The essay concludes with the statement that the novel Tisícročná včela is a typical example of the „eclectic model“ of socialist realism of late 1970s and 1980s. That is why the magical elements there function mostly as literary ornament without any serious subversive effect on the novel’s simplistic philosophical message.

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