Electronic Library of Scientific Literature - © Academic Electronic Press


Volume XLIX, 2002 / No 4



Review 337

From Scholarly Life 347


To the beginning of the editor’s policy during the totality in Czechoslovakia

Milan Šútovec, Ústav slovenskej literatúry SAV, Bratislava

The study deals with juridical, administrative, political and ideological aspects of end of private publishing and bookselling activities in Czechoslovakia and specifically in Slovakia after 1948. Author outlines basic political presuppositions of situation frames and analyses ideological roots, course of preparations of pertaining steps and so called publishing act No. 94/1949 Collection. He particularly pays attention to the sense of criminal statement and he offers a definition of so called legitimate person who should have been permitted for publishing activities (it should have been only so called a juristic person, not a private person). This law meant the end of free book business and it opened a legal way to the central planning and control of publishing activities. Editor’s board were committed to co-ordinate and supervise publishing activities. The boards were established at the Ministry of information and cultural activities in Prague and at the parallel institution in Bratislava. The study shows that since their beginning activities of those state regulation organs (especially so called National editor’s council of Slovakia – NESR) and their staff had been inspired and controlled by organs of the Communist party . Finally, the study deals with connections between planned editor’s process and making a space for the official aesthetic doctrine of so called ”socialist realism”.


Agreement of poetics of the book of poems Básně Jána Kollára with the poetics of Book of Songs of Francesco Petrarca

Pavol Koprda, Filozofická fakulta UKF, Nitra - Ústav svetovej literatúry SAV, Bratislava

The study Agreement of poetics of the book of poems Básně Jána Kollára (The Poems of Ján Kollár) with the poetics of Book of Songs of Francesco Petrarca was written to the 700th birth anniversary of F. Petrarca and the 150th anniversary of the death of Ján Kollár. During his first staying in Jena Kollár got known the first German translation of Petrarca´s Canzionere. It resulted in his first collection of poems Básně (The Poems, 1821) which contains 86 sonnets. He put them later into his next work Slávy dcera (The Daughter of Sláva). The mentioned sonnets became a foundation of the latter book, they are ground of its modernistic aspects.

While Petrarca in his poetry wanted to realise a thesis of early Christian philosopher Augustin about overcoming the life barriers in the life of a person in a way not to be a superman. That means he has to keep down his subjectivity in the sense of ontology. It is not possible in prayer, prose or other acts of interpretation. The only way for that was in poetry. According to Dotti’s opinion Petrarca’s poems in Canzionere are made in elegic mood. It was the attempt of the author to comfort himself as he cannot understand his life as a victorious battle. In the first 119 poems he proves his afflictions he suffers because his love to Laura was not positively answered. Poetry is his solution. It is not a full compensation for lost subjective feeling but it is the most adequate compensation from the aspect of Augustin´s demand.

The insufficiency of poetry as a substitution of a subjective feeling of life fullness is a basement of modern understanding of poetry and modernism as a life feeling inspirational for generation of Romanticism. The study compares all 86 Kollár’s sonnets to relevant Petrarca’s ones from this point of view.

Through his modern understanding of Petrarca Kollár made in world range a new type of literary continuance to the message of Petrarca. He also gave foundations of Slavonic interliterary communication as a very modern type of literary communication. The study maps renewing and restoring topos, themes and means of expression in Kollar’s works – ways of expression.


Integration of individual and historical eschatology in the works of Hodža

Ľubomír Kováčik, Pedagogická fakulta Univerzity Mateja Bela, Banská Bystrica

The object of analysis in the study Integration of individual and historical eschatology in the works of Hodža is a large philosophico-reflexive and from the author’s point of view also religious and didactic poetic composition Vieroslavín, lyrical parts of Matora representing an ideological concentrate in that poetic composition, and hymns written for Zpěvník evanjelický (The Lutheran Book of Hymns). In the all mentioned texts representing a major part of Hodža’s poetry, themes of temporality and eternality, historical and extra-historical time-space dominate. The most provoking issue is a question of final goal of the history and of existence of individual human being. In the perspective of the final goal of history the aim of national history is particularly stressed. The centre of a historical line of Hodža’s reflections is Christ, crucifixion of Him and His risen. Since this moment the history becomes the history of Salvation. The purpose of existence of people is to overcome vanity and contribute to reach the mankind’s purpose – the New Jerusalem in the earth and heavens. The only way for reaching it is to defeat the root of the evil – the sin. Slavonic tribe has a special, the most important role in that final period of history. They have God’s calling, they are a called nation of a word as a principal of God. The Hodža’s vision of the Last Trial is based on the Scripture from the Gospel of Mathew in the sense of judging nations.