Electronic Library of Scientific Literature - © Academic Electronic Press


Volume L. 2003 / No 3





Reviews 242

The Interliterary Aspect of the History of Slovak Medieval and Renaissance Literature

Pavol K o p r d a, Filozofická fakulta UKF, Nitra; Ústav svetovej literatúry SAV, Bratislava

The subject of the article is a coherence of Slovak literature, factors of development in Dalmatic, Southern-Western and Mediterranean interliterary community and at least some of the aspects of interliterary communities. The basis of it comes from Slovak medieval and renaissance literature: ”Proglas” by Constantine Philosopher; Slovak and after Great Moravian troubadours; a poem Vítaj milý Spasiteľu (Welcome dear Saviour); so called Spiš sermons; Marian songs and lauds and historical song Píseň o sigetském zámku (The Song about Sigetský Castle). Those literary facts join in the article parallel phenomena in Dalmatic literature, in Glagolitic, in international Dalmatic troubadours, in Croatian – Dalmatic adoration of Virgin Mary. The cultural consciousness in Dalmatia was strongly influenced by genres of both Italian Renaissance and anti-Turkish poetry. The Slovak literature probably did not develop towards nationally-literary self-consciousness only by influence of general conditions of two periods and it was not just their result. It was predominantly their initial identity, that means medieval, baroque, which was connected with Italian and Croatian and Dalmatic effort and imported Western situation concerning genres in Middle Ages and in Renaissance into national and Slovak language and culture. Because Latin and Italian works were translated into Slavonic language in Dalmatia and so other Slavonic literatures had possibility to make them known better, to come into the interliterary community based on linguistically-emotional participation of a person who communicates in an act of interpretation and communication.

The article shows different images if life of interliterary communities. It proves that the uniqueness of the communities are inliterary and outliterary homogen conditions because they support creative imitation So it depends on them how the literary processes will be integrated, differ, made whole. The equivalences are phenomenal image of the collective memory which is a basis of collective tradition (convention, agreement) on the level of a national literature or an interliterary community. Interliterary life of the tradition makes an interliterary space. It is a space of regular development. It is a structure in the way of Czech-Slovak literary structuralistic tradition because it bears a memory of literary shapes and ways of literary transformation. This transformational memory is announced in a certain historically concrete literary environment. Communication has to be an object of literary historiography in a real existing transformational environment (including discovery of that environment). Only by this way the literary historicism will not be a narrow view.

Spiritual Body“ of Romantic Characters

Irena M a l e c, Ústav slovenskej literatúry SAV, Bratislava

The study The Spirit and Body of Romantic Characters is an author´s going on in her research of the motives of flesh in poetry of five poets of Slovak literary Romanticism (S. Chalupka, A. Sládkovič, J. Botto, J. Kráľ, S. B. Hroboň). The author focused on the research of Slovak poetry of Romanticism in media of analysis of functional usage of motives of so called body of soul which refers to inner world of a man, to psychical and mental aspect of a human body. The analysis of such motives as the head, face, eyes, sight, mouth, voice, answers the question in which contexts they exist or are missed and what kind of semiotic burden they carry.

If they are co-parts of a personally experienced body or they are cultural signs with objective national meanings.

The interpretation of motives of a mental body shows how those motives reflect ideological and aesthetic differences in the works of particular poets. The differences in their reflection the parts of a mental body are based on the measure of demonstration whether physical or mental part of the characters or if it concerns a particular individual person or it is just emblematic representation of general numbers of virtues.

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