Electronic Library of Scientific Literature - © Academic Electronic Press


Volume L. 2003 / No 6





Inquiry 493

Chronicle 508

Reviews 519

The Matter of Changes  of the Prosodic System the Period of Enlightenment

Eva F o r d i n á l o v á, Pedagogická fakulta Trnavskej univerzity, Trnava

The aim of the study - The Matter of Changes  of the Prosodic System in the Period of Enlightenment – is to explain a connection of the poetry with the particular time and space, which occured  in the period of the Baroque syllabic system and a way of looking for a new prosodic system. Social changes made a shift faster towards Classicist’s applying of the timekeeping. From this aspect we need to pay more attention to work of J.I. Bajza,  especially to his collection of epigrams Rozličné verše (Various Verses, 1782). This work proved the first using of the timekeeping in a domestic literary language. Timekeeping was also an inspiration in the historical period  characterised by a stronger interest in a national history, national origin and language. Both Bajza and followers of Bernolák , using system of  “excellent” timekeeping in their poetry, tried to prove an “excellence “ of the language and its possibilities. While a way of prosodic changes led among the Catholic intelligence directly toward usage of the timekeeping , Lutheran authors adapted to German and Czech syllable-tonic system according to the rules of Dobrovský. As a breakthrough we can consider just Šafarik´s and Palacký ´s Počátkové čekého básnictví obzvláště prozodie  (The Beginning of the Czech Poetry, Mainly Versification, 1818). Greek model of the timekeeping became later a foundation for a poetry of Kollár, Latin model became a perfect instrument in the poetry of Ján Hollý.

Sonnet in Western Slavic Literatures as an Value Indicator

Christian P r u n i t s ch, Institut für Slavistik, Universität Regensburg, SRN

The comparative study of smaller Central European literatures reveals significant equivalents as well as oppositions in the development and cultural utilization of the sonnet as a well renowned standard genre in European and World literature. The introduction of the sonnet into Western Slavic literatures serves to increase the specific value of a given literature concurring with supposedly more advanced Western and neighbouring Slavic literatures. Formally very elastic, the sonnet makes its way into Polish literature with the Renaissance poet Jan Kochanowski only to experience relative neglection until the romantic epoch. Romanticism, though, is the initializing phase for the sonnet in Czech, Slovak and Lusatian literatures. Creative inputs mostly stem from French literature in the case of Polish literature, from Germany for the remaining Western Slavic literatures while from an internal viewpoint the impact of the Polish sonnet on Czech literature seems more than peripheral. The same can be shown for Czech-Slovak and Czech-Lusatian literary contacts, Jaroslav Vrchlický, regular correspondent of Hviezdoslav and Jakub Bart-Ćišinski, being the most outstanding figure for the Western Slavic sonnet of the late 19th century. Thus, the sonnet as an up-to-date productive genre serves as an indicator of symbiotic literary relations in Central Europe and at the same time reflects the development towards an autonomy of singular national literatures.

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